Wednesday, 9 August 2017

Painting - Assembling Artillery Limbers

As promised here's a short "how to" blog post on assembly of Napoleonic artillery limbers. Hopefully it is of some assistance to some Napoleonic wargamers or modelers out there, including me if someone has even better ideas. :)

Limbers are one of those Napoleonic models with a reputation for difficulty. This is due to the quantity of parts and challenges of (a) knowing how they are supposed to go together, and (b) actually putting them together! Questions like "how do I do the ropes to attach them to the horses?" are prominent. I put off doing my first limbers for some time because of these issues. However, as for many things the anticipation was worse than the actual activity. Advice from the Napoleonic internet community was also invaluable, particularly that from Stephen Walsh from the Facebook Napoleonic Wargamer group as I've mentioned in a previous post.

So first up here's some Perry Miniatures Austrian Limbers, showing all the parts cleaned up and ready for assembly. 

And here they are glued together. I just used super glue for this. Great models, even if the parts are a bit delicate and fiddly.

And below, here they are painted up, with ropes added once the rest of the limber was mostly painted. The rope I'm using is Gale Force Nine Three Strand Rope. On each limber I added 8 pieces of rope, 2 pieces to each of the four spindles. Each piece was 2.5cm long (though 2cm would have been ok as I discovered later). The ropes were just glued on with PVA glue.

A tip here is to also put dab of PVA glue on the loose end of each rope to stop it unravelling. You can see some of the ropes starting to unravel in photo below. Eventually I decided to coat each rope with a mix of PVA glue diluted with water to hold it in shape too.  My French Limbers went better I think because I learned a few things from doing these first Austrian ones.

Once the glue had dried, each rope was then drybrushed with a muddy light grey to bring out the texture.

Here's the Gale Force Nine rope I used. I know some other people use copper wire twisted together to make a rope - wound with a drill bit.

With the limber ready, I then placed the horses on the base, "dryfitting" everything to make sure the spacing was ok before gluing the horses to the base. The bases I uses were 50mm x 150mm.

Ok so that is the preparation for the Austrians. Now onto the process for the French Limbers and to show the final assembly stages. The Perry French Limbers are considerably simpler, in that they have only two wheels and the main body of the limber. Unfortunately they are also incomplete. I guess these were some of the first Napoleonics the Perry's sculpted in the current ranges, whereas the Austrians were done later and more detail was judged worthwhile.


As you notice these Perry Miniatures limbers are not provided with the front crossbar and spindles, which is somewhat disappointing.

I made a pretty rough and stylised version out of cardboard, replicating the lengths of that at the rear of the limber. The cardboard was then coated with PVA to help strengthen it.

Here it is undercoated and ready for painting. The front scratch built assembly is a bit too bulky, but will do the job of holding the ropes and is not so noticeable at a distance. No doubt a more skilled model maker could make a superior version but this was enough for me.

And below are massed limbers painted, with ropes attached as above, and all the horse teams painted and ready for assembly.

The horses are glued onto the base, the base is flocked, and then the limber is placed in position but not glued. You'll notice in the photos below that the ropes are not yet attached.


Once I have the limber in the right sort of position, I put a small drop of super glue where the rope attaches to each horse and connect it using a pair of tweezers. I scraped away a small amount of paint from the model with a needle file to give a good connection on the first ones, but then decided that wasn't really necessary on later ones. 

I do first one side. 

Then the other.

If the rope is being glued under a blanket the length doesn't matter so much and you can just glue it in place. But where there is a specific connection point it must align with the rope must be trimmed to the right length at this stage. Here's a top view to show one of the ropes that needed trimming to match up with where it attaches. (3rd from left at the front).

Using a pair of fine scissors I cut it to the right length, and then glue it as for the other connections. You don't need to get it exactly right as a bit of slack in the rope looks ok.

Lastly after all the ropes are connected, I glue the wheels to the base, and that is the limber done.

...Though actually it wasn't quite done, as after this I went and added some extra blobs of slow setting epoxy glue for extra strength where the ropes meet the horses. Then when that was dry I went and touched up the paint job in these areas. This epoxy glue step was not really necessary but should give the whole thing even more strength to survive handling.

So there we are, I hope that is helpful for someone out there! My first limber took me about an hour of fluffing around working out how to attach the ropes, but the later limbers took about 5-10 minutes each to glue on all the ropes which was much better!

A better look at these completed limbers can be found in previous posts.


I hope that is helpful to someone out there. Good luck and please share any tips or thoughts on you might have in the comments below!

Sunday, 6 August 2017

French Light Infantry - 28mm Perry

Some French Legere painted up. Four battalions of 36.


A few metals included with the standard Perry plastic infantry, plus some sappers from Victrix Guard.






I've done these as four 36 strong units, but with the idea of splitting off the elite companies so I have six units of 24 if using units of 24 as a base unit. Elite companies were actually brigaded together a few times in 1809 as I understand it, though it wasn't common. That option will also help when it comes to signifying which Legere units are actually veteran too.

Here's the Voltigeurs.






And Carabiniers.



Wednesday, 26 July 2017

French Guard Artillery Limbers - 28mm Perry

French Guard limber teams this time. They crept into a frame or two in the previous battle report but here's some better photos of them!

These are six horse limbers, but as with my Austrian six horse limbers I've based the first team separately for flexibility. Great models, though the limber itself is somewhat lacking as described in my previous post on French Line Artillery Limbers.






And without the front team.

That's the last of my limbers done for now, 10 completed though another 6 are planned in time.
Right now I'm finishing off some Legere and then maybe Saxons or more cavalry will be next.

Thursday, 20 July 2017

Markkleeberg - General d'Armee Game

With some annual leave available, I took the opportunity for a game using more of my Napoleonic collection, about 1500 figures on a 6'x12' table this time, and testing out the General d'Armee rules at this scale. Here's an account of the action! 


Scenario Planning

I fancied doing something with a bit more flavour than just a 'line up and fight' game for this one. So I organised a historical-ish(!) 1813 clash centred around the villages of Markkleeberg, Dolitz and Dosen.  French and Poles defend the villages and bridges on the east side of the Pleisse river. Austrians start with a force on the west side of the Pleisse river and are trying to force their way across two bridges, as the river is otherwise impassable. The rest of the Austrian force is struggling across fords further south and will be arriving later from reserves on the east side of the Pleisse river.

In the photo below looking west, Dosen in the foreground, and Markleeberg and Dolitz in the background near the Pleisse river.

As for forces, I used slightly scaled down versions of historical 1813 corps and divisions. For ease of play, each unit was standard sized, but representing approximately 800-1000 infantry (24 figures), 400-500 cavalry (12 figures), and a pair of artillery representing a battery of guns. In other words each standard sized battalion represented one large battalion or a regiment of 2-3 smaller ones. A bit of fudging but as game size increases such lower level details become less of a focus.

In 1813 many units were understrength, and hence most of these 'Brigades' are actually divisions. Given the size of this game most of VIII Corp, IX Corp, IV Cav Corp, and 2 Guard Divisions were on table for the French (as those first three Corp were smaller ones). Austrians had most of their II Korp, Reserve Army Korp, and a division each from IV Korp and Reserve Cuirassier Korp, and some reserve artillery on table.  So a multi-Corp action, but for rules purpose every division was just a 'Brigade' in command rule terms, with a single CinC for each side.

The French have 6 on table brigades and 2 in reserve, and 8 ADC's.  Their initiative roll is at +1.

The Austrians have 3 on table brigades, 5 in reserve, and 7 ADC's. Their initiative roll is a +0.

The reserve brigades were only available in the reserves pool once they had rolled to arrive successfully. This needed a D6 roll of 6+ on turns 2 and 3, 5+ on turns 4 and 5, and 4+ on turns 6 onwards, rolled separately for each brigade.

Victory points (if it came to that) were 5000 points for each village held at the end of the game, plus a number of points equal to that of all opposing brigades destroyed (points for each brigade shown below). Cavalry Brigades worth double points, and French Guard Brigades worth double points again.


French Forces - Prince Poniatowski
French - (18 000 Infantry, 3 500 Cavalry, 58 Guns)

Brig Kamienecki -- 4500
Veteran Polish Line, 1 Krakus Cav, 1 Foot Bat,

Brig Lefol - 2000
Veteran Polish Line, Recruit Erfut Line, 1 Foot Bat

Brig Graombouville - 4000
4 LineFoot Battery

Brig Semele - 4000
4 Recruit Line, Foot Battery

Brig Tolinkski - 1000
Campaign Chasseur, 1 Horse Battery

Brig Sulkowski - 1000
Veteran Uhlan, 1 Horse Battery


RESERVES:

Young Guard Brig Decouz 4000
Young Guard Veteran Line1 Foot Battery

Guard Cavalry Brig d'Ornano- 1000
Empress Dragoons, 1 Dutch Lancers, 1 Guard Horse Battery


Austrian Forces - Erbprinz F. von Hessen-Homburg
(23 000 Infantry, 3 500 Cavalry, 52 Guns)

WEST OF RIVER

Brig Lederer - 5000
Grenz, 3 German Line, 1 Dragoon, 1 Veteran Hussar, 1 Foot Battery

Brig Liechtenstein - 6000
4 German Line, 2 Recruit Landwehr, 1 Foot Battery

Artillery Reserve
1 Foot Battery, 1 Heavy Position Battery

RESERVES (EAST SIDE OF RIVER):

Brig Mohr - 2500
Grenz, 1 Chevauleger, 2 Veteran Hussar, 1 Cavalry Battery

Brig Rothkirch - 1000
2 x Veteran Cuirassier, 1 Cavalry Battery

Grenadier Brig - Wiessenwolf - 4000
4 x Veteran Grenadier

Brig Beck - 4000
4 x Hungarian Line

Brig Haugwitz - 4000
4x German Line, 1 Foot Battery


The Game

Ion commanded the Austrians and Paul the French, while I concentrated on getting the rules right as Ion and Paul were new to them and I had also only played one game before. All figures and terrain were from my own collection in this instance.

Below, the Austrians begin their advances on the bridges. Looking east from their position.


The Poles calmly await them at the southern bridge.


And the French conscripts await them not so calmly at the northern bridge...
 
The Austrians advance and skirmish and artillery fire is exchanged as they close.

Austrian Dragoons and Hussars wait at the rear, not much to do until a bridge is captured...

In the centre, the Polish light cavalry advances and unlimber their horse artillery ready to meet the arriving Austrians.

After a series of protracted command difficulties for the Austrians, the first of them do finally arrive east of the Pleisse river about turn 4 or so. Light Cavalry Brigade Mohr. The Austrian Ott Hussars atop a hill and end up taking several turns of long range artillery fire, rather than seeking shelter behind the hill. Hussar bravado...

The Austrians west of the Pleisse are moving forward slowly, often hesitating as Homburg is concentrating on organising his reserves. But eventually they get into position and Polish and Austrian lines exchange fire across the Pleisse.



In the centre Chasseurs charge the Austrian Ott Hussars who countercharge. The Hussars have already been weakened by artillery fire, and both sides take heavy casualties in  a first round of melee.

Rules note: Each side starts with 5 dice rolls each needing 4+ to cause a casualty; Chasseurs have -1 die for being campaign class cavalry (i.e. they have poor quality horses) vs battle cavalry, so roll 4 dice total.  Ott Hussars have +1 die for being veteran but -1 for having 4+ casualties so roll 5 dice total. Each side takes 3 casualties in the first round, putting the Chasseurs at 3/12 casualties, and the Ott Hussars at 10/12 casualties (due to previous artillery casualties!).

A draw and both sides fight on with a second round of combat.

The Austrian Ott Hussars are exhausted (having taken 12/12 casualties now) and disperse from the field. The Chasseurs are also spent though and retire to their own lines to reform.

The Austrian lines at the southern bridge take heavy casualties as the veteran Poles pour disciplined volley's into them.

Looking west, the Austrian Cuirassiers are now here and in the foreground, and Hungarians are arriving and advancing on Markkleeberg in the background.

The second Chasseur formation charges an Austrian Cavalry Battery in the centre, but a blast of cannister sees them retreating back with heavy casualties.

The Hungarians begin the attack on Markkleeberg and the vulnerable corner of the French position (held by Poles as is typical). Germans arrive to back up the Hungarians.


On the right the Austrian Heavy Cavalry General is hesistant in advancing further, much to the frustration of Erbprinz Homburg.

The ever popular Homburg Hussars dart this way and that. Retreating Chasseurs are top left, having taken 8/12 casualties.

Meanwhile the firefight across the Pleisse continues. An Austrian battalion breaks and flees under fire and another follows it shortly thereafter. The Austrian Brigade does not falter though and continues the attack. The loss of the Austrian infantry is not in vain either, as it has covered the deployment of a massed Austrian Battery, which now begins to cause havoc on the Poles on the opposite bank.

The Austrian Cuirassiers again failing to do much except sit uncomfortably in the face of some artillery, though it is long range at least.

The French Young Guard has arrrived to guard the French left flank, forming square and deploying their artillery to oppose the Cuirassiers.

 Austrian infantry form assault columns ready to storm across the southern bridge...

...as the Poles suffer catastrophic casualties from massed Austrian artillery, and the first Polish unit  guarding the bridge disperses.

The Markkleeberg garrison is taking a pounding but resisting so far, throwing back the first Hungarian infantry assault.

 Looking down the table from west side of the Pleisse.

Last of the Austrian reinforcements arrive, Austrian Grenadiers march towards Dosen.


Another Hungarian formation is thrown back after assaulting Markkleeberg, but the garrison is hard pressed. 

And Poles defending the bridge are faced with an impossible task, being attacked from multiple directions and under artillery fire, trying desperately to extricate themselves.

An encouraging sight for the Austrians seeing all their massed infantry attacking on the east bank at last!

The Austrians start pushing hard at the northern bridge too.

A view from the west side of the Pleisse down the table.

Poniatowski calls on the French Guard Cavalry, and Empress Dragoons and Red Lancers join the mass of cavalry in the French centre.

The  Austrians begin a determined assault across the Pleisse at last.

Poniatowski decides the time has arrived and orders forward all the Polish Uhlans and Chasseurs!

The attacks develop around Markleeberg, the Austrian infantry closing in for the kill as the Polish cavalry advance to save their comrades.


The moment of decision!  Austrians storm across the bridge and into the flank of the Poles, routing and dispersing them.

In the centre German infantry assault Markkleeberg while massed Polish Uhlans and Chasseurs charge supporting Hungarian and German infantry. 

The Hungarian unit is in line preoccupied firing at Markkleeberg - they fail to form square, break and disperse before the the oncoming Polish Uhlan charge!

The Uhlans charge on and close with a German column. The Germans don't have time to form square but do hold as the Lancers close, firing a last second ineffective volley at them...  

To their right another German unit does manage to form square and sees off the Chasseurs.

A look at the table just before the melee phase of the turn.


The Germans assaulting Markkleeberg are thrown back, though they inflict more damage on the defenders. The Polish Lancers ride down the Germans and take the ground, having now destroyed two Austrian units this turn!


Another piece of bad luck for the Austrians, as the Brigadier of the Grenadiers is killed by a long range artillery shot! Unmoved one Grenadier battalion has formed square and the others push on. Probably weren't keen on the fellow anyway...

But now disaster unfolds as the Hungarian Brigade decides that fighting for Austria is a really bad idea and they quit the field!

Rules note: They failed their falter test despite a reroll, then rolled a 1 and so disperse. (The Germans, Grenadiers and Poles all passed their respective falter tests this turn). 

In a single turn, things go from looking strong for the Austrians to very challenging indeed!

On the French left, the Young Guard is holding firm, as the Austrian cavalry attack stalls, a Cuirassier unit being unformed by artillery fire.

Looking from the French centre, fresh cavalry and 3 batteries of horse artillery promise grim times ahead for the isolated Austrian infantry, which are now trapped in square by roaming Polish cavalry. 

The vengeful Polish Uhlans charge on and run down an artillery battery, the cannister blast aimed at them going high. Three victories and counting for these Uhlans.


A few Austrian skirmishers cross the northern bridge and the French conscripts start firing in wild and ineffective abandon, ignoring their officers and losing fire discipline.


Looking east again, at the much depleted Austrian forces over the Pleisse.

With the Austrians now outnumbered in both quantity and quality, facing reinforced positions and out of position with their cavalry, we agree that it is time for a general Austrian retreat. It's also 10pm (having started about 2pm with a break for dinner!). Given the situation I decide against continuing on the morrow.

Looking east.

A few more pics. The Austrian assault across the southern bridge is about to be counterattacked by more cavalry and they have formed square in preparation, effectively ending the Austrian pressure here.

Poles line up the isolated Austrian square.

The French centre. Four fresh and veteran cavalry formations plus three horse batteries promise a bad day for the unsupported Austrian infantry if they remain. Ion decides a circumspect withdrawal and consolidation with reinforcements is the order of the day for the Austrians.



Conclusions

An entertaining time was had, including by me even if I was just acting as the rules person for most of this introductory game (I did briefly control the French for a couple of turns until Paul arrived). The scenario was definitely a tough ask for Ion in command of the Austrians, and would doubtless be improved in balance if the Austrians had an extra couple of Brigades. The loss of the Hungarians just as the Austrian cavalry was committed on the right flank (and thus unavailable to save the Austrian infantry) was pretty decisive end to the affair. Though the Austrians were starting to become quite fatigued even without this loss I think.

The basic rule mechanisms seemed to be picked up easily by both Ion and Paul within a couple of turns, though finer details of charges and less common occurrences required checking of the rulebook. Both sides struggled with the friction the command generates, but mainly the Austrians who were trying to bring on reserves and co-ordinate attacks. You can't do everything you want to each turn so have to prioritise. I like this feature but it made an already tough situation for the Austrians even tougher than I had intended it to be! I also think I over-represented artillery a bit on both sides given the scaling, though it would also depend on how much reserve artillery one assumes would be involved I guess.

(Edit: Also I'm pleased to report Ion has just done this nice report from the Austrian perspective!).

Anyway overall I was happy with how it all ran, so onto bigger and grander plans...

Here's a photo the next day... living the Napoleonic dream, and working out how to get another 8x6 table expansion in....:)